The companies act, 1956 memorandum of association of the federation of indian mineral industries new delhi limited by guarantee and not having a share capital name 1. According to section 103 of companies act, 20, in case of a private. The companies act, 20 passed by the parliament has received the assent of the president of india on 29th august, 20. Various types of companies under companies act, 195611. Mga 4023 corporate secretaryship kmd 1 incorporation of companies 1965 2016 section 14 section 14 1 subject to this act any two or more persons associated for any lawful purpose may by subscribing their names to a memorandum and complying with the requirements as to registration form an incorporated company 1 a person who desires to form. Companies act 20 vs companies act 1956 the companies act, 20 has been passed by lok sabha as well as rajya sabha and the president has given his consent to the same in august 20. To carry on the business of developing, maintaining and operating of road, highway project. The giant indian companies may include the names like reliance, talco bajaj auto, infosys technologies, hindustan lever ltd. It provides a concise yet helpful explanation of the differences between the former companies act 1965 and the companies act 2016, which came into operation on 31 january 2017. One person company which has only one natural person as its. However, the term promoter was explained under clause a of subsection 6 of the section 62 companies act, 1956. Comparison between certain salient features of the companies act 20 with the companies act 1956. Explore the companies act 20 and companies act 1956.
The pdf file you are about to download is not created by writinglaw. Download section wise reference on companies act 20 vs 1956. A company may be incorporated by means of a special act of the parliament or any state legislature. No such provision existed under the companies act, 1956. The indian companies act 20 replaced the indian companies act, 1956. Under this section, we have made comparison between the companies act 20 and companies act 1956 on various topics under different chapters of the act. Section 6 act to override memorandum, articles, etc. Feb 22, 2015 with 98 sections of the act came in to force w. According to the companies act, 20 a private company is a company which has a minimum paidup capital of 1 lakh rupees and which is restricted to have the right to transfer of share. The companies act 20 makes comprehensive provisions to govern all listed and unlisted companies in the country. One person company incorporation new companies act 20. In order to assist with the preparation for the implementation of the provisions of the new companies act, please find below a high level comparison between some of the key administrative and financial reporting issues as regulated by the 1973 companies act and the 2008 companies act respectively.
When such an association of persons is registered under the companies act, it becomes an artificial person with perpetual succession and common seal. However, with the growth of the economy and increase in the complexity of business operation, the forms of corporate organizations keep on changing. This an act to consolidate and amend the law relating to companies. However, with effect from 1 st april 2014 amounts received from relatives of directors are deposits even for a private company and if received would be in contravention of the companies act 20. This supplement is an addendum updating the first edition of malaysia company law. A company under this section can be formed for promoting charitable object relating to. Companies act 1956, takeoveracquisition of shares of unlisted companies was dealt under section 395 which provided for both power as well as duty of the acquirer company to acquire the shares of the target company. The companies act 20 implemented many new sections and repealed the relevant corresponding sections of the companies act 1956. An act to consolidate and amend the laws in force in zimbabwe relating to the constitution, i n corporation, registration, management, administration and winding up of companies and other associations, and for other purposes incidental thereto. Comparison between old versus new provisions of companies act. However, the term promoter was explained under clause a of subsection 6 of the section 62 companies act, 1956 which is provided as under.
Section 8 companies are governed by companies act 20. Every company is required to follow the company law otherwise it will be treated as punishable offence under the companies act, 1956. Applicability of act being a central government act it is applicable to all the states of india including union. The act has replaced the companies act, 1956 in a partial manner.
Some of the major distinction between partnership and a company are as follows. The word company means an association formed by a number of persons for some common object. Many provisions of it are incorporated in this indian companies act of 1956. Provisions of other acts referred to in companies act, 20 1. A company is regulated by companies act, 1956, while a partnership firm is governed by the indian partnership act, 1932. Difference between trust, society and section 8 company. Read both companies act 201956 in a unique manner with inbuilt links to rules, sections etc. Section 2 definitions section 3 formation of company. Difference between companies act 1956 and companies act 20 company law mathur sir classes.
Dixit ranka, with respect to your quarries please find below answers. Compare sections everything about companies act 20, rules. Companies must have their financial year ending on 31 march every year. Main objects of the company to be pursued by the company on its incorporation. The following are the differences between schedule ii of 20 act and schedule xiv of 1956. Memorandum of association must have the following clauses. Compare sections companies act 20 1956 act 20 1956. The companies act 20 has 464 sections and 7 schedules. Companies act 20 features, new amendments, comparison with indian companies act 1956. Difference between companies act 20 vs companies act 1956, as per scope in cpt accounts exam. The act consolidates and amends the law relating to companies.
The bill for an act with this short title will usually have been known as a companies bill during its passage through parliament. Jul 03, 2018 difference between companies act 1956 and companies act 20, difference between companies act 1956 and companies act 20 in hindi, difference between company act 1956 and 20 in hindi, difference. Objects incidental or ancillary to the attainment of main objects 1. The companies act, 20 has been notified in the official gazette on 30th august, 20 but the provisions of this act shall come into force on such dates as the central government may notify in the. Indian companies act, 20 defines company as a company formed and registered under this companies act or under any previous company law. This write up has bee n made with an effort to compare some of the ma. Some of the provisions of the act have been implemented by a notification. The income tax department never asks for your pin numbers, passwords or similar access information for credit cards, banks or other financial accounts through email the income tax department appeals to taxpayers not to respond to such emails and not to share information relating to their credit card, bank and other financial accounts. Mar 30, 2019 the companies act, 20 provides for the kinds of companies that can be promoted and registered under the act. Corresponding provisions of companies act, 20 i61i116 table showing sections of companies act, 1956 not covered in companies act, 20 i117i126 1 companies act, 20 arrangement of sections iiixxii annotated text of the companies act, 20 1. There are maximum there are maximum number of of 50 members.
In the process, much of the aforesaid content has been left, to be prescribed, in the rules. Definitions of company, existing company, private company and public company 4. Aug 16, 20 no such provision existed under the companies act, 1956. The indian companies act, 1956 basic concept the word company. An attempt has been made to reduce the content of the substantive portion of the related law in the companies act, 20 as compared to the companies act, 1956 1956 act. The 20 act introduces a new type of entity to the existing list i. What are the major differences between the companies act. Be it enacted by parliament in the sixth year of the republic of india as follows 1. Following table provides a summary of comparison between companies act, 20, companies act, 1956 and indas. If you agree then only proceed to download companies act 20 pdf.
Compare sections everything about companies act 20. Name clause in the memorandum of association confers protection against subsequent company registration in the same or closely similar name. Partnership tenure between the partners the main office of the firm, etc. This act may be cited as the companies act chapter 24. Distinction between companies act 1956 and companies act 20. According to the section 2 28 of the companies act 1956, memorandum means the memorandum of association moa of the company as originally framed or as altered from time to time in pursuance with any of the previous companies law or the companies act, 1956.
The companies act, 1956 existing act contains 658 sections and xv. The companies act, 20 provides for the kinds of companies that can be promoted and registered under the act. Comparison between companies act 1956 and the revised act 20. Section wise reference on companies act 20 vs 1956. The companies act, 20 has been notified in the official gazette on 30th august, 20. Loan from friends were neither allowed in 1956 act nor in 20 act. In this article, we seek to analyse the difference between private placement under section 42 and preferential allotment under section 621c of the companies act, 20 hereinafter referred to as the 20 act difference as to scope of the section. The name of the company hereinafter called the federation is the federation of indian mineral industries. An act to consolidate and amend the law relating to companies and certain other associations. Difference between companies act 20 vs companies act 1956. In the case of private limited companies the matters of further issue are normally protected by appropriate clauses in the articles of association aoa. Sep 15, 2016 company law 1956 is the law which applies to all type companies whether it is public or private company. Companies act, 20 and applicable provisions of the companies act, 1956 and rules made thereunder.
A company cannot come into existence unless it is registered, whereas for a partnership firm registration is not compulsory. Read about the highlights of the companies act 20 and download indian companies act 20 notes pdf for. This is a landmark legislation with farreaching consequences on all companies. In companies act 1956, only public financial institution, public sector banks or scheduled bank with main object of financing were allowed to issue there shelf prospectus but now companies act 20 provides that the government shall prescribe the types of companies that can issue shelf prospectus. Similar provisions have been given under section 235 and 236 of the companies act 20. Read about the highlights of the companies act 20 and download indian companies act 20 notes pdf for upsc 2020. Maximum shareholders in pvt ltd company is 200 excluding past and present employees. Accordingly, the annual return in terms of section 92 of the companies act, 20 in form mgt. Difference between companies act 1956 and companies act 20, difference between companies act 1956 and companies act 20 in hindi, difference between company act 1956 and 20 in hindi, difference. Structural comparison companies act 1956 companies act 20 parts 29 chapters 658 sections and 15 schedules 470 sections and 7 schedules 5. The three basic types of companies which may be registered under the act are. A comparison of the companies act, 20 and the companies act, 1956 has not been included in this book since such a comparison may result in confusion to the students. Companies must have their financial year ending on 31 mar every year.
Companies act 1956, 20 pdf bare act, bare act pdf, law. Section 3a members severally liable in certain cases section 4 memorandum. Difference between private company and public company. The companies act, 1956 broadly classifies the companies into private and public companies and provides for regulatory environment on the basis of such classification. Companies act with its variations is a stock short title used for legislation in botswana, hong kong, india, malaysia, new zealand, south africa and the united kingdom in relation to company law. According to the companies act, 20 a public company is a company which is not a.
The companies act 20 is an act of the parliament of india on indian company law which regulates incorporation of a company, responsibilities of a company, directors, dissolution of a company. Section wise comparison of companies act 1956 vs 20. Companies were permitted to have financial year ending on a date decide by company. Section 3 1 of the companies act 20 states that a company may be formed for any lawful purpose by an unlimited company. Clause 561 provides for registration of transfer by company of such interest by delivery to the company by the transferor or the transferee of proper instrument of transfer within 60 days from the date of execution. A company cannot accept loans from friends of the directors. The main instrument for registration of society is the memorandum of association. Corporate law take over and acquisition of companies. Such companies are called statutory companies, instances of statutory companies in india are reserve bank of india, the life insurance corporation of india, the food corporation of india etc. Also, icai has made it clear that the comparison of the companies act, 20 and companies act, 1956 would not be asked in the exams. U65993ka2007ptc043015 2007 2008 i hereby certify that gmr enterprises private limited is this day incorpqrated under the companies act. In india, the companies act, 1956, is the most important piece of legislation that empowers the central government to regulate the formation, financing, functioning and winding up of companies. Feb 05, 2014 structural comparison companies act 1956 companies act 20 parts 29 chapters 658 sections and 15 schedules 470 sections and 7 schedules 5.
Also, to understand the points where companies act 20 has got an edge over companies act 1956. Some of the existing definition in the companies act 1956 has been modified in the companies act 20 as follows. Difference between companies act 1956 and companies act 20. Difference between companies act 1956 and 20 slideshare. The person wanted to know the difference between moa and aoa. Please select the section section 1 short title, extent, commencement and application.
The companies act, 1956 existing act contains 658 sections and xv schedules. The companies act, 20 has been passed by loksabha as well as rajyasabha and the president has given his consent to the same in august 20. The companies act, 1956 memorandum of association of the. Difference between companies act 1956 and companies act. What are the major differences between the companies act of. The 20 act introduces a change in the definition for a private company. Meaning of promoter the definition of promoter is introduced for the first time in the companies act, 20.1388 467 168 431 27 1005 1014 460 61 1481 870 155 1097 915 1290 1311 645 433 1091 938 1256 97 49 19 1092 1204 108 751 729 815 1284 619 952 1283 1127 1003 1479 628 1303 468 225 1018 836 1406 11 998